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大华雅思
大华雅思
揭开图表作文之面纱
图表作文之要点描述数据
 
描述数据重要的是描述数据的变化,比较不同的数据,突出特征数据,千万不能只是罗列一些具体数据。
 
1描述数据的变化
      一般曲线图(line  graph)中肯定有数据的变化,另外,图表中若涉及了两个以上的时间,也肯定要写数据的变化。
     数据的变化是最重要的,如果图表中能看出数据的变化,一定要把它写出来。
变化的种类一般有:增加,减少,波动,不变四种。通常用动词和副词,或者形容词和名词来表示。
常用的词如下:
Verbs to show increase
Verbs to show decrease
Adverbs
Increase
decrease
slightly
Go up(went up)
Go down(went down)
slowly
Rise(rose)
decline
gradually
Grow(grew)
Fall(fell)
steadily
Jump(up)
Is(was)reduced
rapidly
surge
drop
moderately
Shoot up(shot up)
Sink(sank)
significantly
 
dip
sharply
 
 
dramatically
 
 
drastically
并非所有的副词适合所有的动词。
adjectives
Nouns to show increase
Nouns to show decrease
show
increase
decrease
gradual
rise
decline
steady
growth
fall
rapid
jump
reduction
slight
surge
drop
moderate
fluctuation
 
significant
 
 
sharp
 
 
dramatic
 
 
drastic
 
 
 
并非所有的形容词适合所有的名词。
 
其它一些有用的词:
adjectives
nouns
verbs
adverbs
downward
change
change
downward
upward
fluctuation
fluctuate
upward
 
(reach a)peak
peak
 
 
 
Remain the same
 
 
 
Reach a plateau
 
 
 
stabilize
 
 
 
Remain stable
 
 
 
Remain constant
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
描述数据变化的三种句式:
 
(1)变化的主体+动词(+副词)
The number of television licences increased significantly from 1957 to 1974.
The number of cinema admission dropped slightly from 1957 to 1974.
The number of television licences remained stable from 1957 to 1954.
The number of television licences fluctuated between 100 and 200 from 1957 to 1974.
 
(2)there be +形容词+名词+in+变化的主体
There was a sharp decrease in the number of television licences from 1957 to 1974.
There was a significant increase in the number of television licences from 1957 to 1974.
There was little change in the number of television licences from 1957 to 1974.
There was a fluctuation between 100 and 200 in the number of television licences from 1957 to 1974.
 
(3)时间+saw+形容词+名词+in+变化的主体
The last 17 years saw the sharp decline in cinema admissions.
大家对这些句式应熟练使用,并应注意尽量都使用上,而不是只使用一种。
 
2,比较不同的数据
 
描述数据的变化是非常重要的,同时,也要注意比较图表中的不同数据,通常用到比较级。常用的句式有:
(1)In managerial positions,there are more males than females.
(2)A greater percentage of men than women are found in managerial positions.
(3) A smaller percentage of women than men are employed in managerial positions.
(4)The percentage of men employed in managerial positions is much larger than that of women in these occupuations.
(5)College students bought more fiction books than others.
(6) More urban dwellers have a water supply than rural dwellers.
(7)Fewer rural dwellers have a water supply than urban dwellers.
(8)In 1980,30% of rural dwellers had drinking water compared with 50% in 1990。
(9)In 1980,30% of rural dwellers had drinking water,whereas in 1990 50% had it.
(10)The students in class A are three times as many as those in class B.
(11)The profit doubled from May to June.
(12)The profit increased three-fold from May to June.
(13)They made twice the profit in June than in March.
(14) They made three times the profit in June than in March.
大家对这些句式应熟练,灵活地使用。
 
3抓住特征数据
 
常常是指最大值,最小值,最高点,最低点。
常用的句式有:
(1) England had the largest percentage of the students.
(2) Tailand accounted for the smallest number of the students.
(3) In 1998,the number reached its peak/top/highest point.
(4) In 1998,the number increased to its peak /top/hightest point.
(5) In 1998,the number reached its bottom/lowest point.
(6) In 1998,the number dropped to/reached its bottom/lowest point.
(7) The profit peaked at 2000.
 
4,描述静态数据
 
并非从所有图表中都能看出数据的变化,但是任何图表中都包含静态数据。描述静态数据不是特别重要。尤其当图表中信息很多是,只选出有代表的静态数据写一两句就可以了。重要的是描述数据的变化和比较不同的数据。如果图表中数据比较少,可以适当多描述一些静态数据,以满足子数的要求。
常用的句式有:
(1)The number was 2000.
(2)The number reached 2000.
(3)The number increased to 2000.
(4)  The number decreased to 2000.
(5)  The number increased by 100 from 200 to 300.
(6) Tailand had 15%.
(7) Tailand represented one third.
(8) Tailand accounted for two thirds.
(9) Tailand occupied one quarter.
(10) Tailand made up three quarters.
(11)College students bought 200 fiction books.
图表中信息很多时,不要在描述静态数据上花很多笔墨,可用在描述数据变化及比较不同数据时,顺便将静态数据写出来。如:
(1) In managerial positions,there are more males than females (10% and 5% respectively).
(2) College students bought more fiction books (224) than others.
(3) Tailand accounted for the smallest number(234) of the students.
 
5,使用的时态
 
第一段(引言)和最后一段(得出结论)一般用一般现在时(注意第三人称单数形式)。第二部分描述数据,如果题目中指出了具体的时间,一般用一般过去时(注意不规则动词的过去式),否则用一般现在时。当然,两种情况都会用到完成时及进行时。如:
(1)题目中指出了具体的时间,一般用一般过去时,例如:
The number of television licences increased significantly from 1957 to 1971.
The number of cinema admission dropped slightly from 1957 to 1974.
(2)题目中没有涉及具体的时间,一般用一般现在时,例如:
In managerial positions,there are more males than females.
A greater percentage of men than women are found in managerial position.
(3)两种情况都会用到完成时及进行时,例如:
By 1974,the number has reached 2500.
In 1995,30% of the people were cycling to work.
 
6,涉及的时间
 
常用的表示时间的短语如下:
(1)          in 1997
(2)          before 1957
(3)          after 1957
(4)          since 1997
(5)          between 1957 and 1974
(6)          from 1957 to 1974
(7)          by 1974
(8)          until 1974
 
7,描述数据不必太清楚
 
除非图表中很确定,否则描述数据不必太精确,适合使用下列词。
(1)          大约:approximately,about,almost,nearly
(2)          超过:more than ,over
(3)          不到:less than,under.
 
(小作文本不难,只要表达清楚就可以。祝大家考试成功。)
大华雅思